Feeding

Cattle feeding #

Cattle eat once a day, whenever they wish, and produce immediately after feeding.

All livestock are divided into age groups:

  • age 1-60 days – young animals;
  • age 61-240 and 241-420 days - adult animals;
  • age 421-480 days - elderly.

Depending on the age of the animal, different feed rations are suitable for it. Thus, feeding cattle must be carried out taking into account age, selecting a diet suitable for each group.

For the full development of cows and bulls, it is recommended to provide them with a balanced optimal diet depending on the animal’s age. But if there is a shortage of feed, an incomplete ration can be given, taking into account its consequences.

Thus, two types of feeding are possible for cattle:

Optimal feed ration #

The optimal diet is the diet in which the animal gains maximum weight and produces the greatest amount of goods.

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Suboptimal (incomplete) diet #

Non-optimal (incomplete) diet - when less food is placed in the feeder. This leads to a slowdown in animal weight growth and a decrease in production volumes.

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Thus, for the full development of cows and bulls, it is recommended to provide them with a balanced optimal diet. But if there is a shortage of feed, an incomplete ration can be given, taking into account its consequences.