Types of products #
Cattle can provide products and income such as milk, beef, manure, calf hides, young animals (calves), state farm coupons (calf exchanges), sire leases, and the sale of cows and bulls at the fair. Livestock can also act as a commodity on their own, bringing you gold coins. Different age groups have their own characteristics of obtaining certain types of products. From large cows and bulls weighing 350 kg or more, a calf skin can be additionally obtained during processing. Next, we will take a closer look at each type of product and source of income from keeping cows and bulls.
Milk production #
Milk is one of the main types of cattle products. To obtain milk, the animal must be a cow aged from 61 to 420 days inclusive and weighing at least 320 kg. The milk yield of a particular cow depends on its age and weight. The tables below will help determine the amount of milk from a cow depending on these parameters. The older the cow and the greater its weight, the higher the milk yield will be. However, after 420 days the cow stops producing milk. Therefore, to maintain milk productivity, it is necessary to inseminate cows in time and obtain young animals.
Table. Milk yield for cows aged from 61 to 240 days, subject to optimal feed ration.
|Cow weight (kg)||Milk at optimal feeding (l/day)|
|from 320 to 400||7.7|
|from 400.001 to 450||8,085|
|from 450.001 to 500||8.47|
|from 500.001 to 550||8.855|
|from 550,001 to 600||9.24|
|from 600.001 to 650||9.625|
|from 650.001 and above||10.78|
As can be seen from the table, the older the cow and the greater its weight in a given age range, the higher the milk yield will be with full feeding. This data will help determine the expected milk production of your cows at a given age.
Table. Milk yield for cows aged from 241 to 420 days, subject to optimal feed ration
|Cow weight (kg)||Milk at optimal feeding (l/day)|
|from 320 to 400||5.5|
|from 400.001 to 450||5.775|
|from 450.001 to 500||6.05|
|from 500.001 to 550||6.325|
|from 550,001 to 600||6.6|
|from 600.001 to 650||6.875|
|from 650.001 and above||7.7|
As can be seen, in this age range, milk yield also increases with increasing age and weight of the cow. The data will help predict the milk production of your cows.
Milk yield with inadequate feeding #
If a cow receives a suboptimal (incomplete) feed ration, milk yield will be proportionally less than the calculated values.
On days when the cow remains hungry, no milk is produced.
Thus, to maintain maximum milk production, cows need a balanced and nutritious diet.
Use of milk #
Milk obtained from cows can be used in the following ways:
- food for clones in the refectory
- pleasure boat equipment
- feed for young cattle
- feed for young pigs
- ingredient for elixirs
- sale on a commodity exchange
Beef production #
Beef is one of the main types of cattle products. To obtain it, livestock can be delivered to a meat factory, regardless of the sex, age and weight of the animal. Processing one carcass costs 2 gold coins. Thus, to maximize beef volumes, mature cows and high-weight bulls should be processed.
The amount of beef that can be obtained by cutting each specific animal depends on its age and weight:
- If the age of the animal is up to 75 days (inclusive), then the weight of the beef obtained as a result of processing will be equal to 1/2 the weight of the carcass.
- From animals aged 76-480 days you will receive proportionally less meat (up to 0 kg on the 480th day).
The amount of beef obtained when cutting an animal over 75 days old is calculated by the formula:
W = (m/2) x (480-A) / (480-75),
- m is the weight of the animal at the time of cutting.
- A is the age of the animal in days (A > 75).
Beef use #
Beef obtained from a meat factory can be used in the following ways:
- beef is an excellent food for increasing the endurance of your clones;
- by loading beef on board as supplies, your pleasure craft will be able to reach the most distant shores on its voyages;
- beef will serve as an excellent diet for guard dogs;
- beef can feed hungry dragons;
- useful elixirs can be made from beef in the alchemy laboratory;
- just sell it at a profit on the market.
Cow manure production #
Cow manure is produced by cattle of all genders, ages and weights. The amount of manure produced depends on the age of the animal and has its own characteristics in each age group.
Table. Manure production by cattle
|Floor||Up to 60 days, kg/day||From 61 to 240 days, kg/day||From 241 to 420 days, kg/day||After 421 days, kg/day|
|Bull||Magnification from 0.1 to 32||32||25||Decrease from 25 to 0.5|
|Cow||Magnification from 0.1 to 28||28||21||Decrease from 21 to 0.5|
The indicated values will be correct if the animal receives the optimal (complete) feed ration required for the corresponding age group. If an animal receives a suboptimal (incomplete) feed ration, then production will be proportionately less. If the animal remains hungry, then there is no manure production that day.
Cow dung is a valuable raw material for processing into Cow Breeze fertilizer. Manure can be processed in the “Manure and Fertilizers” section (Business → Livestock → Manure and Fertilizers). You can use the resulting fertilizer for your agricultural fields.
To get 1 kg of Cow Breeze fertilizer from manure, you need to spend 7 kg of manure and 0.002 gold. If you have a barn, the cost of processing manure into fertilizer is significantly reduced. If you don’t want to process the manure yourself, you can sell it unprocessed at the fair or sell ready-made Cow Breeze fertilizer. Thus, cattle manure can either be processed into organic fertilizer for fields or sold at a fair as raw material or finished product.
Production of calf skins #
Calf skins are an additional product obtained from cutting up cattle at a meat factory. The cost of processing one carcass is 2 gold coins. Calf skin can be obtained from an animal weighing at least 350 kg.
You can use skins in two ways:
- for the production of high-quality calfskin in a tannery;
- for sale at the fair.
Thus, skins are an additional source of income when breeding cattle, especially large and heavy animals.
Exchange of young bulls for State Farm coupons #
Young bulls up to 60 days old (inclusive) can be delivered to the state farm nursery. For each bull you will receive coupons at the rate of 1 coupon per 1 kg of weight. Only bulls can be exchanged; such exchange is not provided for heifers.
State Farm coupons received can be used in the following ways:
- to purchase securities of a state farm or meat factory;
- production of super feed for livestock;
- sales on the commodity exchange in the trading guild.